When using heavy equipment on construction sites, there are five basic guidelines that employees must always follow to ensure safety:
- Know how to properly operate the construction equipment you are using. Training on proper operation shall be documented.
- Do not use heavy machinery when you are drowsy, intoxicated, or taking prescription medication that may affect your performance.
- Use only equipment that is appropriate for the work to be done.
- Inspect your equipment to ensure that it is in good working condition before beginning a job. In addition, ensure that regular inspections and maintenance are conducted as appropriate.
- Do not stress or overload your construction equipment.
Accidents do not just happen, they are caused. Therefore, employees should also follow these guidelines:
- Ensure the following before leaving equipment unattended:
- All buckets, blades, etc. are on the ground.
- Transmission is in neutral.
- Engine is off.
- Equipment is secure against movement.
- Never get on or off moving equipment.
- Do not attempt to lubricate or adjust a running engine.
- Turn the engine off before refueling.
- Keep all shields and safety guards in place.
- Avoid underground utilities and overhead power lines.
Refer to the product documentation that accompanied your construction equipment for more information and specific instructions.